ASTM A931 - 08(2013)

Standard Test Method for Tension Testing of Wire Ropes and Strand

This standard is a part of ASTM Book of Standards Volume 01.03

Click to order ASTM A931-08(2013)

Annotation and contents

Source of this annotation and contents: ASTM International.

Significance and Use

4.1 Wire rope tests are generally to be performed on new rope. The use of wire rope in any application can reduce individual wire strengths due to abrasion and nicking that will result in the wire rope strength being reduced. Damage to the outer wires will also lower the maximum strength achieved during tension testing.

4.2 The modulus of elasticity of wire rope is not considered to be a standard requirement at this time. The determination of this material property requires specialized equipment and techniques.

4.3 Rope to be tested should be thoroughly examined to verify that no external wire damage is present. If present, it should be noted. When possible, a new undamaged sample should be obtained for testing.

4.4 End attachments and their installation can directly affect breaking force achieved during testing. Any attachment that can be used to directly achieve the required rope breaking force can be used. Standard testing with a poured socket, using zinc, white metal or thermoset resin, has been considered the most efficient. Proficiency in attachment of any fitting can have a direct effect on the final test results.

1. Scope

1.1 This test method covers the tension testing of wire ropes and strand at room temperature, specifically to determine the measured breaking force, yield strength, elongation, and modulus of elasticity. Methods described in this standard are not intended for other purposes.

1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Note 1 and Note 2.


2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

ASTM Standards

A586 Specification for Zinc-Coated Parallel and Helical Steel Wire Structural Strand

A603 Specification for Zinc-Coated Steel Structural Wire Rope

A1023/A1023M Specification for Stranded Carbon Steel Wire Ropes for General Purposes

B6 Specification for Zinc

E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing

E8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

ISO Standard

ISO17558 Specification for Steel Wire Ropes - Socketing Procedures - Molten Metal and Resin Socketing

Alternate designation

  • ASTM A 931